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The spectacular mountain-top Hierothesion, (tomb-sanctuary) at Nemrut Dağı was constructed by King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene ( r 70 - 38 BC ).
The remains of Antiochus are thought to lie beneath a 50m high mound, which is flanked by statues, originally up to 9m high, of the seated King and various gods.
Of Greek and Persian ancestry, Antiochus drew on both traditions for the representation of the gods who were to accompany him on the summit.
Nemrut Dağı was brought to the world's attention only in 1881. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Increasing numbers of tourists visit the monument. The Turkish authorities have established a programme of conservation for the site, and there are plans for a visitor centre.
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