The Saqia was used for centuries up and down the Nile as a means of raising water to irrigate land. A vertical wheel is set above a pit dug down to the water-table. Looped around it are ropes to which pots are fastened. A draught animal attached to the vertical shaft of the gearing causes the wheel to turn and the water-filled pots to empty at a higher level.
These arrangements were replaced by motorized pumps feeding water through large pipes direct from the river.
This disused saqia, one of a pair, is set back some distance from the Nile, north of Kabushiya.
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